The theory of CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design), is about manipulating the built environment to prevent delinquency and crime. Through urban design, including the design of residences, public buildings, high rise, streets, parks, terminals, super highways, one could prevent crime by reducing the "opportunities".
The initial risk assessment should be based on business activities and local area (demographics, ethnic blends, religious and cultural impacts, socio-demographic challenges), while being mindful of any design and its impact in the community.
Instilling a security mindset into architectural planning and equally instil an aesthetic mindset into security design is very important. Be sure that the design is manageable and not over complicated.
Consider the placement of high risk items e.g. ATM’s. Install such items in a high traffic flow area with plenty of lighting and good visibility.
Think outside the box and don’t solely rely on standard physical security barriers such as fixed bollards, boom gates, roller shutters for crime prevention. Integrate planter boxes, sculptures and lighting as they are the key to naturally designing out crime.
Electronic security is a must but don’t put all your eggs into one basket. Use natural and or social surveillance (members of the public, your employees and your customers). People with ill intent don’t like being seen.
Incorporating these principles early in the concept stage can save significant costs when compared to retrospectively fitting out security mitigants.
Security warning signage is just as important as the physical and electronic features but is commonly overlooked. It should be bold and obvious but make it your own. It can ever so easily be incorporated into your design.
Embrace the existing environment and use it to your advantage.
Learn more about Barringtons Risk Management services here
Blayne Webb, Director, Barringtons